David Hockney

David Hockney was born in 1937 in Bradford, England. He graduated from the Bradford School of Art in 1957 and studied at the Royal College of Art, London, from 1959 to 1962, where he met R.B. Kitaj, Peter Blake, Allen Jones, Patrick Caulfield and Joe Tilson, who alongside Hockney were instrumental in the birth of British Pop Art. His first solo exhibition, David Hockney: Pictures with People, opened at John Kasmin’s gallery in London in 1963.

One of the most important and influential artists working today, Hockney works across a range of media from paintings and prints to photography, and full-scale opera productions, to depict observations of his surroundings, most notably portraits and landscapes.

A gifted and prolific printmaker, Hockney’s print career began in 1954 when he discovered the printmaking department at the Royal College of Art gave out free materials. Working mainly in etching, aquatint and lithography, some of Hockney’s most iconic images have been realised in print, made with master printmakers including Ken Tyler, Maurice Payne and Aldo Crommelynk . In 1961, on his first trip to New York, Hockney met William S. Lieberman, Curator of Prints at Museum of Modern Art, who bought two of the artist’s prints. Two years later Hockney won the graphic prize at the 3rd Paris Biennale. His engagement and experimentation with the techniques of printmaking has seen him respond to new technological possibilities. In the late 1980s and early 1990s Hockney developed ‘homemade prints’ using photocopies, faxes, and computer drawings – a forerunner to his now renowned iPad drawings. A prints and drawings retrospective opened at Yale Center for British Art, Connecticut, in 1978 which toured throughout North America for two years before reaching it final destination the Tate Gallery, London.

Since his first retrospective exhibition at Whitechapel Art Gallery, London in 1970, which travelled to three additional European institutions, Hockney’s work has been the subject of numerous retrospectives, most recently at Tate Britain, London (2017) which travelled to at Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris and Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (2018). Other notable exhibitions include Royal Academy, London (2012) which travelled to Museo Guggenheim, Bilbao and Museum Ludwig, Cologne; and Los Angeles County Museum of Art (1988) which travelled to Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York and Tate Gallery, London. In 1999 three exhibitions were shown simultaneously in Paris at Centre Georges Pompidou, the Musée Picasso and Maison Européene de la Photographie. Examples of Hockney’s work are permanently housed in almost every major collection in the world. He was elected to the Royal Academy of Arts in 1991.

David Hockney lives and works in Los Angeles, USA.

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