Rachel Whiteread is acknowledged as one of the pre-eminent sculptors of her generation. Born in 1963, she studied at the Slade School of Art, London, and Brighton Polytechnic, from where she graduated in 1992. Between 1992-93 she worked in Berlin on the DAAD Artists' Programme and in 1993 she was awarded the Turner Prize for House, which still remains one of her most controversial and poignant works. In 1997 she represented Britain at the XLVII Venice Biennale and was awarded the prize for best young artist.
Her early work included casts of the outer spaces of mattresses and mortuary slabs, inner spaces of hot-water bottles, undersides of tables and chairs, the spaces beneath floorboards and impressions of books on shelves. More recently she has started to work with dolls houses and their associated objects. Having accumulated a vast collection over a number of years she has begun creating site-specific installations at venues including Madre, Naples, and the Hayward Gallery, London.
Whiteread has completed a number of important public and museum commissions including the Holocaust Memorial in Vienna, the turbine hall at Tate Modern, and most, recently a clear resin cast of the empty plinth for the Fourth Plinth Project in Trafalgar Square, London. Her work has been the subject of solo museum exhibitions at the Tate Gallery, London, the Reina Sofia, Madrid, the MFA Boston, and is held in museum collections worldwide including the Guggenheim, New York, Tate, London, Hirshorn, Washington, MoMA, New York, and LACMA, Los Angeles.
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